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战鼓

来源:中国民乐国际网信息采集中心作者:中国民乐国际网信息采集中心发表时间:2013-11-29 11:23:54

  战鼓,外形与堂鼓相似,但鼓身较低矮,故又有扁鼓之称。旧时曾用于宗教音乐和民间婚礼仪式乐队中。北京雍和宫藏有一面直径1米左右、鼓身仅高20厘米的扁鼓。现在用于民间器乐合奏、舞蹈、灯会、杂技团和群众性锣鼓队中。
  战鼓大小不一,以鼓面直径而分,有27、33、40、46和54厘米五种规格,它们的鼓身分别高17、20、24、30和34厘米。制作战鼓用材与堂鼓相同,但鼓身也可用椴木制作,中部装有2—4个鼓环。用木棰演奏。
  发音较堂鼓低,但很响亮。行进中,一般由前面的人系带背负,后面一人敲击,或演奏者系带斜挂在肩上敲击。也可置于木制鼓架上演奏。

  Zhangu, or war drum, is a Chinese musical instrument. It is similar to the Tanggu in appearance, but is lower in pitch. Also known as the Biangu . it was an instrument used in ritual music and also popular with traditional wedding bands.
  Zhangu has many different sizes according to its functions, generally, the diameter of the drumhead are 270mm, 330mm, 400mm, 46mm and 54mm and the height of the drum are usually 170mm, 200mm, 240mm, 300mm and 340mm. The drumhead is usually made of wood and leather; there are 2 to 4 metal rings at the waist of the drum. The player uses one or two sticks to play the drum. The Zhangu needs two men when played in the army march, with one man carrying the drum on his back and the other playing behind the first man.
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