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巴乌

来源:中国民乐国际网信息采集中心作者:中国民乐国际网信息采集中心发表时间:2013-11-29 11:20:56

  巴乌,属竹管铜簧乐器,流行于云南省红河、文山、思茅、西双版纳、临沧、德宏、广西壮族自治区融水、贵州省黔东南和黔南等地,是彝族、哈尼族、傣族、佤族、布朗族、苗族等族吹奏乐器。彝语叫“及菲里莫”,哈尼语叫“梅巴”。巴乌用竹管制成,有八个指孔(前七后一),在吹口处置一尖舌形铜制簧片,演奏时横吹上端,振动簧片发声。巴乌在民间以单管者为主,亦有双管合并而成者,称为双眼巴乌。巴乌传统演奏方式均为直吹。常用音域多不超过八度。巴乌的音色非常地柔美悦耳,很像一对钟情的恋人在窃窃私语,低诉衷肠,所以每到晚间,彝族、哈尼族、苗族青年在谈恋爱时,常用它抒发自己的衷情,传递爱慕之情。 人们称它为会说话的乐器。

  The bawu is a Chinese wind instrument.Although shaped like a flute, it is actually a free reed instrument, with a single metal reed. It is played in a transverse (horizontal) manner. It has a pure, clarinet-like timbre and its playing technique incorporates the use of much ornamentation, particularly bending tones.
  The bawu likely originated in the Yunnan province of southwest China, it has become a standard instrument throughout China, used in modern Chinese compositions for traditional instrument ensembles. The instrument is also closely associated with Hmong, Yi, Hani and other minority cultures in southwestern China. It is typically used as a solo instrument, and is often featured in film scores; it is sometimes also heard in popular music recordings.
  Although the bawu is still predominantly performed in China, it has in recent years been adopted by European composers and performers. Rohan Leach from England, Raphael De Cock from Belgium, and Herman Witkam from the Netherlands have all taken the instrument in new directions. The musician Guo Yue, who now resides in England, has long promoted the instrument and plays it on all of his recordings.
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